Navi Mumbai is a planned township on the west coast of the Indian state of Maharashtra. It was mooted in 1971 to be a new urban township of Mumbai by the Government Of Maharashtra. For this purpose a new public sector undertaking was established that is CIDCO.
Navi Mumbai has a population of 1,119,477 as per the 2011 provisional census. Navi Mumbai is situated across two districts namely Thane and Raigad. The nodes of the city in the Thane district are developed and are hence administered by the Navi Mumbai Municipal Corporation (NMMC) which was established in 1992. The remaining newly developed and developing nodes in the Raigad district are administered by CIDCO.
The city has a robust infrastructure, is well connected to other parts of the state and country and is relatively less polluted compared to Mumbai. Navi Mumbai has a good public transportation system with NMMT, the transport wing of NMMC, serving the bus commuters, the Mumbai suburban railway serving the train commuters and a large fleet of auto rickshaws for intra-nodal commute. The Mumbai-Pune Expressway starts at Kalamboli in Navi Mumbai. Navi Mumbai would have its own international airport by 2019.
It is being developed primarily to ease the burden off Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport in Mumbai and to put Navi Mumbai on global map as a standalone city. The city is home to various educational institutions offering courses in several streams including engineering, medical sciences, interior designing, hotel management, etc. Various MNCs like Siemens, McDonald's, Bureau Veritas, Bizerba, Larsen & Toubro, etc. have their offices/branches across the city making it an active business hub.
Navi Mumbai also has various recreational facilities such as the golf course, central park and Pandavkada water falls in Kharghar, Parsik Hill near Mahape, Wonders park in Nerul, mini seashore or Sagar Vihar in Vashi etc. and several other public places like gardens and jogging tracks. Navi Mumbai also has many quality restaurants and luxury hotels for accommodation.
There are many shopping malls such as Little World mall in Kharghar, Centre One, Inorbit and Raghuleela malls in Vashi, etc. Navi Mumbai is considered as an entry point of Mumbai city. Its location and infrastructure coupled up with affordable housing and low pollution makes Navi Mumbai the most preferred choice for new immigrants coming from in and out of Maharashtra seeking good living conditions outside Mumbai, despite facing daily hardship in these living conditions.
Navi Mumbai has been ranked 12th among 73 cities surveyed for cleanliness and hygiene by the Union Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) and Quality Council of India (QCI) as a part of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.